Network is a multipurpose anonymous gathering of various devices. Uses of which are virtually limitless. Once connected, you are welcomed to the billions of digital populations. Vast source of knowledge, creativity and data can be shared infinite times over an infinite period. Before the presence of internet worldwide, rich communication through audio and telegraph were only possibilities. Numerous thick optical fibre cables running around countries have nullified the gap. The change is still in changing state to empower every individual of the nation.
There are around 130+ active ISPs in our country with whom the personal and commercial users choose to connect. The promise of competitive planning, fair pricing and service quality has pushed them to sweep to top rank holder in state and/or national level. Number of users they have, have different reasons to use their service. National/International Bandwidth Speed, ping, uptime, coverage, peer connections and latency etc are the parameters that define their performance. India has only one worldwide known tier 1 ISP i.e. TATA Communications. Rest Bharti Airtel, Reliance, Sify and BSNL have their undersea cables too. Jio too is soon going to toggle its name.
Resources of Indian ISPs:
TATA COMMUNICATION is the most reliant tier 1 ISP of the nation. It has largest number of peers to peer connections to other countries from India. Most tier 2 ISPs are linked to it for international bandwidth. Further up, BSNL too has some prominent presence in this industry. All tier 3 ISPs have multiple links to most tier 2 (Bharti Airtel, Vodafone etc.) and TATA Com. at various prime locations for higher uptime guarantee and smooth traffic flow. This is an alternative source of earning for the elders by empowering the youngers in the chain, aside their own business. Small groups buy a certain share of bandwidth like some thousand terabytes from them which they further on distribute to you. The reasons some of them provide unrestricted bandwidth to customers are to promote their service and take advantage of unequal usage of data per connection. It’s a common sense that every user won’t use up to TBs of data a month even in unlimited plans. Remember that nothing goes truly unlimited, that’s just unrestricted by the provider. These groups maintain profit: maintenance: upgradation cost ratio into account with respect to the number of users they are holding. The more the number of customers, the more intense is the business scale overtime.
Regulatory body TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India) maintains guidelines for all operators in the nation. Everyone shares bandwidth at numerous interconnection points to facilitate shortest path to data centres. The effective cost for data in reality is zero. Business behind it empowers the maintenance cost and the workers and officials who plan for such executions. Rest share of profit is kept for future ready and for investments in other business(es) in general. This is very likely to vary from operator to operator depending on their scales and capabilities. Bigger ISPs prefer to invest for alternate lines to be fluctuation proof during outages. Precise count of remaining data is very necessary to keep enough share under the roof for future usage. Gaining customer base through customer satisfaction is always their veteran aim. Some offer local peering to let their users enjoy full node speed of frequent downloaded files. This widely enhances file sharing between local host and servers.
Routing goes on in making this wonderful relationship worthy in long run. Smaller ISPs don’t have much money to expand in more than one route to a user. Experienced ones prefer to invest in more than one line to a housing. The more the number of routes, the smoother is the experience for their users. India’s regional demand is also handled by servers from Singapore, Europe, Indonesia and Hong Kong etc apart from local ones. Having a better average latency record of servers in these countries strengthens the user versatility in the business. Indian companies should focus more on installation of regional servers rather than setting up or purchasing from outside. Metro cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad must also host more of them apart from Mumbai to boast uptime, stability and reliability for distributors in the country. Presently, only Mumbai & Bengaluru host servers of some renowned international network chain and cloud services like Amazon AWS, Cloudflare, DigitalOcean etc.
Maintenance and future proofing render service providers crazy. It is for this reason ISPs always tend to save sums instead of categorising them into earning. Spectrum fees, License renewal fees are minor headaches in regular. Apart from these, financial scale of an ISP is always a parameter for institutions who like to use their services for a stipulated time. Increasing number of satisfied customer base has never been easy for any ISP. The core reasons being sentiments and adaptability of people. Every time there is a connection failure even for a minute for maintenance, minimum one customer makes it to the list of recent complains. Their reasons too are very obvious. Who likes to get their ongoing uploads/downloads incomplete on their way to cent percent? Or get stuck in an important video chat? No one tolerates interruptions by the core of their heart. ISP has to tally all these needs and grievances in regular to be proud of reliable customers. Once more experienced users get into network after surveying reviews of the existing satisfied base, the uptime and stability go through a test series unmonitored often by them.
Regulations of TRAI keep on modifying the functioning of service provider by any means. Let that be through minimum download speeds or web authenticity and blockage. Internet is open to all. However, under certain moderation few sites or services are made unavailable. This is a futile moment when a lot of tunnel records come from users. All the UDP (User Datagram Protocol), TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) etc. come into play altogether. Normal from their point of view. Having been paying the same package fees who would like to decrease their content supply. For God’s sake, VPN business is yet to kick start here in wide scale. Servers in other countries encourage high latency and packet loss very often. This reduces reliability over time. An ISP has certain limitations of port forwarding and simultaneous port usage. More variety of ports at a time may encounter a temporary blockage. The provider must always keep monitoring the port usage during every peak to avoid certain service downtime.
Reviews and complains of a customer is always the most important aspect of development of any ISP. At least many pretend to. In reality, it depends upon workforce. Active workforce can ensure better service by themselves only even before customer faces any issue. They regularly keep on testing the network stability and report any glitches instantly to respective team (technical/support/software). Team management and right ratio of employed persons cater true functionality. Apart from these, inclining to competitive pricing every financial year keeping profits margins intact is a big challenge. Specially in metropolitan, East and South Indian areas where wired data cost is way lower. Regular upliftment of payment gateway with latest technology is compulsory to avoid glitches. Alongside, counter person(s) has to have core experience regarding cash reception and assurance of commercial functions. Providers should push into future proofing let that be in any field in long run because expectations about an ISP lie within its customers.